"In your late 30’s, your egg supply begins to decline in number and quality, and as a result your hormone production changes significantly.

Gradually your period becomes more and more irregular, and eventually you will go through what is termed "menopause", where your body transitions away from regular periods and your menstrual cycle ends.

This has been known to start for some women as early as their late 30’s, and for others as late as their early 50’s.

The entire transitional process can take anywhere from 2 to 8 years before you have reached menopause, but like anything, your experience may differ to others around you so stay in tune with your own body (and talk to your GP if you feel you need some advice)."

“Throughout this process, your ovaries are sometimes producing too much and too little oestrogen and/or progesterone. Your progesterone is likely to fluctuate more than ever before.

This can lead to periods of very heavy menstrual bleeding. If it is heavy and totally unexpected, go and see your doctor as soon as possible in order to ensure that the bleeding isn’t caused by a more serious condition.

During these periods of heavy bleeding, Cottons Maternity pads can help manage your irregular cycle. Made with a unique 100% cotton coversheet, they are chemical free and hypo-allergenic. They are also super-absorbent, so if you start experiencing very heavy flow, give them a try.”

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For the next year, your oestrogen will continue to drop, and while it’s said to reduce your risk for certain types of cancers, there are other potential health concerns to be aware of:


  1. Bone loss: increasing your risk of osteoporosis.
  2. Skin changes: low estrogen leads to low collagen, which is the building block of skin and collective tissue. Therefore it’s normal for your skin to get thinner, drier and more wrinkled after menopause. The vaginal lining and the lower urinary tract also thin and weaken.
  3. Tooth and gum changes: collective tissue is affected which will in turn increase your risk of tooth loss and gum disease.
  4. Heart disease: post menopause, the risk of women getting heart disease increases, so please consider your heart when making lifestyle and treatment decisions.


In the later stages of menopause, your estrogen begins to drop, and once it has reached a certain point, it will stop all together. After around a year of no menstrual periods, you are said to have ‘reached menopause’.